The Protestant Reformers have come under hard times at the hands of the modern day catholics (New Perspective on Paul). Much that is regarded as new is a rehash of old arguments! Yes, Paul is using covenant historical language when he speaks of "the Law." Yes, Second Temple Judaism talks
"...that He might rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, 5 to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen" (Gal 1:4-5).
Something is very wrong, and the reader of Paul's epistles knows it immediately! Even when he wrote to the Corinthians, he started by
"But when God, who having set me apart from the womb of my mother and having called me through His grace, was pleased 16 to reveal His Son in me -- in order that I might preach Him among the Gentiles -- I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood..." (Gal 1:15-16).
In this third section...
".... the law is not out of faith..." (Gal 3:12)
"... if I proclaim circumcision, why yet am I persecuted? Then the stumbling-block of the cross has been abolished" (Gal 5:11).
Paul corrected their errors regarding the Mosaic Law and its relationship to the Abrahamic Promise and New Covenant fulfillment. He has shown that observance of the
"For the flesh desires against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; For these are oppose to one another, in order that you not do the things which you might want" (Gal 5:17).
Flesh and Spirit are not the two parts of the believer. Flesh is the fallen creation age under condemnation in
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Unless otherwise noted Scripture quotations are from NASB. Scripture quotations taken from the (NASB®) New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. All rights reserved. www.lockman.org
trans. indicates my translation
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